Ron Kimmel

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Professor at Technion - Israel Institute of Technology

  • Data Augmentation for Leaf Segmentation and Counting Tasks in Rosette Plants

    Deep learning techniques involving image processing and data analysis are constantly evolving. Many domains adapt these techniques for object segmentation, instantiation and classification. Recently, agricultural industries adopted those techniques in order to bring automation to farmers around the globe. One analysis procedure required for automatic visual inspection in this domain is leaf count and segmentation. Collecting labeled data from field crops and greenhouses is a complicated task due to the large variety of crops, growth seasons, climate changes, phenotype diversity, and more, especially when specific learning tasks require a large amount of labeled data for training. Data augmentation for training deep neural networks is well established, examples include data synthesis, using generative semi-synthetic models, and applying various kinds of transformations. In this paper we propose a method that preserves the geometric structure of the data objects, thus keeping the physical appearance of the data-set as close as possible to imaged plants in real agricultural scenes. The proposed method provides state of the art results when applied to the standard benchmark in the field, namely, the ongoing Leaf Segmentation Challenge hosted by Computer Vision Problems in Plant Phenotyping.

    03/20/2019 ∙ by Dmitry Kuznichov, et al. ∙ 22 share

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  • Deep Eikonal Solvers

    A deep learning approach to numerically approximate the solution to the Eikonal equation is introduced. The proposed method is built on the fast marching scheme which comprises of two components: a local numerical solver and an update scheme. We replace the formulaic local numerical solver with a trained neural network to provide highly accurate estimates of local distances for a variety of different geometries and sampling conditions. Our learning approach generalizes not only to flat Euclidean domains but also to curved surfaces enabled by the incorporation of certain invariant features in the neural network architecture. We show a considerable gain in performance, validated by smaller errors and higher orders of accuracy for the numerical solutions of the Eikonal equation computed on different surfaces The proposed approach leverages the approximation power of neural networks to enhance the performance of numerical algorithms, thereby, connecting the somewhat disparate themes of numerical geometry and learning.

    03/19/2019 ∙ by Moshe Lichtenstein, et al. ∙ 12 share

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  • Bilateral Operators for Functional Maps

    A majority of shape correspondence frameworks are based on devising pointwise and pairwise constraints on the correspondence map. The functional maps framework allows for formulating these constraints in the spectral domain. In this paper, we develop a functional map framework for the shape correspondence problem by constructing pairwise constraints using point-wise descriptors. Our core observation is that, every point-wise descriptor allows for the construction a pairwise kernel operator whose low frequency eigenfunctions depict regions of similar descriptor values at various scales of frequency. By aggregating the pairwise information from the descriptor and the intrinsic geometry of the surface encoded in the heat kernel, we construct a hybrid kernel and call it the bilateral operator. Analogous to the edge preserving bilateral filter in image processing, the action of the bilateral operator on a function defined over the manifold yields a descriptor dependent local smoothing of that function. By forcing the correspondence map to commute with the Bilateral operator, we show that we can maximally exploit the information from a given set of pointwise descriptors in a functional map framework.

    07/30/2019 ∙ by Gautam Pai, et al. ∙ 9 share

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  • Self-supervised Learning of Dense Shape Correspondence

    We introduce the first completely unsupervised correspondence learning approach for deformable 3D shapes. Key to our model is the understanding that natural deformations (such as changes in pose) approximately preserve the metric structure of the surface, yielding a natural criterion to drive the learning process toward distortion-minimizing predictions. On this basis, we overcome the need for annotated data and replace it by a purely geometric criterion. The resulting learning model is class-agnostic, and is able to leverage any type of deformable geometric data for the training phase. In contrast to existing supervised approaches which specialize on the class seen at training time, we demonstrate stronger generalization as well as applicability to a variety of challenging settings. We showcase our method on a wide selection of correspondence benchmarks, where we outperform other methods in terms of accuracy, generalization, and efficiency.

    12/06/2018 ∙ by Oshri Halimi, et al. ∙ 6 share

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  • Specular-to-Diffuse Translation for Multi-View Reconstruction

    Most multi-view 3D reconstruction algorithms, especially when shape-from-shading cues are used, assume that object appearance is predominantly diffuse. To alleviate this restriction, we introduce S2Dnet, a generative adversarial network for transferring multiple views of objects with specular reflection into diffuse ones, so that multi-view reconstruction methods can be applied more effectively. Our network extends unsupervised image-to-image translation to multi-view "specular to diffuse" translation. To preserve object appearance across multiple views, we introduce a Multi-View Coherence loss (MVC) that evaluates the similarity and faithfulness of local patches after the view-transformation. Our MVC loss ensures that the similarity of local correspondences among multi-view images is preserved under the image-to-image translation. As a result, our network yields significantly better results than several single-view baseline techniques. In addition, we carefully design and generate a large synthetic training data set using physically-based rendering. During testing, our network takes only the raw glossy images as input, without extra information such as segmentation masks or lighting estimation. Results demonstrate that multi-view reconstruction can be significantly improved using the images filtered by our network. We also show promising performance on real world training and testing data.

    07/14/2018 ∙ by Shihao Wu, et al. ∙ 2 share

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  • Parametric Manifold Learning Via Sparse Multidimensional Scaling

    We propose a metric-learning framework for computing distance-preserving maps that generate low-dimensional embeddings for a certain class of manifolds. We employ Siamese networks to solve the problem of least squares multidimensional scaling for generating mappings that preserve geodesic distances on the manifold. In contrast to previous parametric manifold learning methods we show a substantial reduction in training effort enabled by the computation of geodesic distances in a farthest point sampling strategy. Additionally, the use of a network to model the distance-preserving map reduces the complexity of the multidimensional scaling problem and leads to an improved non-local generalization of the manifold compared to analogous non-parametric counterparts. We demonstrate our claims on point-cloud data and on image manifolds and show a numerical analysis of our technique to facilitate a greater understanding of the representational power of neural networks in modeling manifold data.

    11/16/2017 ∙ by Gautam Pai, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Efficient Deformable Shape Correspondence via Kernel Matching

    We present a method to match three dimensional shapes under non-isometric deformations, topology changes and partiality. We formulate the problem as matching between a set of pair-wise and point-wise descriptors, imposing a continuity prior on the mapping, and propose a projected descent optimization procedure inspired by difference of convex functions (DC) programming. Surprisingly, in spite of the highly non-convex nature of the resulting quadratic assignment problem, our method converges to a semantically meaningful and continuous mapping in most of our experiments, and scales well. We provide preliminary theoretical analysis and several interpretations of the method.

    07/25/2017 ∙ by Zorah Lähner, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Sparse Approximation of 3D Meshes using the Spectral Geometry of the Hamiltonian Operator

    The discrete Laplace operator is ubiquitous in spectral shape analysis, since its eigenfunctions are provably optimal in representing smooth functions defined on the surface of the shape. Indeed, subspaces defined by its eigenfunctions have been utilized for shape compression, treating the coordinates as smooth functions defined on the given surface. However, surfaces of shapes in nature often contain geometric structures for which the general smoothness assumption may fail to hold. At the other end, some explicit mesh compression algorithms utilize the order by which vertices that represent the surface are traversed, a property which has been ignored in spectral approaches. Here, we incorporate the order of vertices into an operator that defines a novel spectral domain. We propose a method for representing 3D meshes using the spectral geometry of the Hamiltonian operator, integrated within a sparse approximation framework. We adapt the concept of a potential function from quantum physics and incorporate vertex ordering information into the potential, yielding a novel data-dependent operator. The potential function modifies the spectral geometry of the Laplacian to focus on regions with finer details of the given surface. By sparsely encoding the geometry of the shape using the proposed data-dependent basis, we improve compression performance compared to previous results that use the standard Laplacian basis and spectral graph wavelets.

    07/07/2017 ∙ by Yoni Choukroun, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • A Deep Learning Perspective on the Origin of Facial Expressions

    Facial expressions play a significant role in human communication and behavior. Psychologists have long studied the relationship between facial expressions and emotions. Paul Ekman et al., devised the Facial Action Coding System (FACS) to taxonomize human facial expressions and model their behavior. The ability to recognize facial expressions automatically, enables novel applications in fields like human-computer interaction, social gaming, and psychological research. There has been a tremendously active research in this field, with several recent papers utilizing convolutional neural networks (CNN) for feature extraction and inference. In this paper, we employ CNN understanding methods to study the relation between the features these computational networks are using, the FACS and Action Units (AU). We verify our findings on the Extended Cohn-Kanade (CK+), NovaEmotions and FER2013 datasets. We apply these models to various tasks and tests using transfer learning, including cross-dataset validation and cross-task performance. Finally, we exploit the nature of the FER based CNN models for the detection of micro-expressions and achieve state-of-the-art accuracy using a simple long-short-term-memory (LSTM) recurrent neural network (RNN).

    05/04/2017 ∙ by Ran Breuer, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Unrestricted Facial Geometry Reconstruction Using Image-to-Image Translation

    It has been recently shown that neural networks can recover the geometric structure of a face from a single given image. A common denominator of most existing face geometry reconstruction methods is the restriction of the solution space to some low-dimensional subspace. While such a model significantly simplifies the reconstruction problem, it is inherently limited in its expressiveness. As an alternative, we propose an Image-to-Image translation network that jointly maps the input image to a depth image and a facial correspondence map. This explicit pixel-based mapping can then be utilized to provide high quality reconstructions of diverse faces under extreme expressions, using a purely geometric refinement process. In the spirit of recent approaches, the network is trained only with synthetic data, and is then evaluated on in-the-wild facial images. Both qualitative and quantitative analyses demonstrate the accuracy and the robustness of our approach.

    03/29/2017 ∙ by Matan Sela, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Randomized Independent Component Analysis

    Independent component analysis (ICA) is a method for recovering statistically independent signals from observations of unknown linear combinations of the sources. Some of the most accurate ICA decomposition methods require searching for the inverse transformation which minimizes different approximations of the Mutual Information, a measure of statistical independence of random vectors. Two such approximations are the Kernel Generalized Variance or the Kernel Canonical Correlation which has been shown to reach the highest performance of ICA methods. However, the computational effort necessary just for computing these measures is cubic in the sample size. Hence, optimizing them becomes even more computationally demanding, in terms of both space and time. Here, we propose a couple of alternative novel measures based on randomized features of the samples - the Randomized Generalized Variance and the Randomized Canonical Correlation. The computational complexity of calculating the proposed alternatives is linear in the sample size and provide a controllable approximation of their Kernel-based non-random versions. We also show that optimization of the proposed statistical properties yields a comparable separation error at an order of magnitude faster compared to Kernel-based measures.

    09/22/2016 ∙ by Matan Sela, et al. ∙ 0 share

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