Body posture influences human and robots performance in manipulation tasks, as appropriate poses facilitate motion or force exertion along different axes. In robotics, manipulability ellipsoids arise as a powerful descriptor to analyze, control and design the robot dexterity as a function of the articulatory joint configuration. This descriptor can be designed according to different task requirements, such as tracking a desired position or apply a specific force. In this context, this paper presents a novel manipulability transfer framework, a method that allows robots to learn and reproduce manipulability ellipsoids from expert demonstrations. The proposed learning scheme is built on a tensor-based formulation of a Gaussian mixture model that takes into account that manipulability ellipsoids lie on the manifold of symmetric positive definite matrices. Learning is coupled with a geometry-aware tracking controller allowing robots to follow a desired profile of manipulability ellipsoids. Extensive evaluations in simulation with redundant manipulators, a robotic hand and humanoids agents, as well as an experiment with two real dual-arm systems validate the feasibility of the approach.
11/27/2018 ∙ by Noémie Jaquier, et al. ∙ 0 ∙ share
When data are organized in matrices or arrays of higher dimensions (tensors), classical regression methods first transform these data into vectors, therefore ignoring the underlying structure of the data and increasing the dimensionality of the problem. This flattening operation typically leads to overfitting when only few training data is available. In this paper, we present a mixture of experts model that exploits tensorial representations for regression of tensor-valued data. The proposed formulation takes into account the underlying structure of the data and remains efficient when few training data are available. Evaluation on artificially generated data, as well as offline and real-time experiments recognizing hand movements from tactile myography prove the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
02/28/2019 ∙ by Noémie Jaquier, et al. ∙ 0 ∙ share
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