vLPD-Net: A Registration-aided Domain Adaptation Network for 3D Point Cloud Based Place Recognition

12/09/2020 ∙ by Zhijian Qiao, et al. ∙ 0

In the field of large-scale SLAM for autonomous driving and mobile robotics, 3D point cloud based place recognition has aroused significant research interest due to its robustness to changing environments with drastic daytime and weather variance. However, it is time-consuming and effort-costly to obtain high-quality point cloud data and groundtruth for registration and place recognition model training in the real world. To this end, a novel registration-aided 3D domain adaptation network for point cloud based place recognition is proposed. A structure-aware registration network is introduced to help learn feature from geometric properties and a matching rate based triplet loss is involved for metric learning. The model is trained through a new virtual LiDAR dataset through GTA-V with diverse weather and daytime conditions and domain adaptation is implemented to the real-world domain by aligning the local and global features. Extensive experiments have been conducted to validate the effectiveness of the structure-aware registration network and domain adaptation. Our results outperform state-of-the-art 3D place recognition baselines on the real-world Oxford RobotCar dataset with the visualization of large-scale registration on the virtual dataset.

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