Variational Quantum Circuits for Quantum State Tomography

12/16/2019 ∙ by Yong Liu, et al. ∙ 0

We propose a hybrid quantum-classical algorithm for quantum state tomography. Given an unknown quantum state, a quantum machine learning algorithm is used to maximize the fidelity between the output of a variational quantum circuit and this state. The number of parameters of the variational quantum circuit grows linearly with the number of qubits and the circuit depth. After that, a subsequent classical algorithm is used to reconstruct the unknown quantum state. We demonstrate our method by performing numerical simulations to reconstruct the ground state of a one-dimensional quantum spin chain, using a variational quantum circuit simulator. Our method is suitable for near-term quantum computing platforms, and could be used for relatively large-scale quantum state tomography for experimentally relevant quantum states.

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