Robustness of Causal Claims

07/11/2012
by   Judea Pearl, et al.
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A causal claim is any assertion that invokes causal relationships between variables, for example that a drug has a certain effect on preventing a disease. Causal claims are established through a combination of data and a set of causal assumptions called a causal model. A claim is robust when it is insensitive to violations of some of the causal assumptions embodied in the model. This paper gives a formal definition of this notion of robustness and establishes a graphical condition for quantifying the degree of robustness of a given causal claim. Algorithms for computing the degree of robustness are also presented.

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