Revisiting Exception Handling Practices with Exception Flow Analysis

by   Guilherme B. de Pádua, et al.

Modern programming languages, such as Java and C#, typically provide features that handle exceptions. These features separate error-handling code from regular source code and aim to assist in the practice of software comprehension and maintenance. Having acknowledged the advantages of exception handling features, their misuse can still cause reliability degradation or even catastrophic software failures. Prior studies on exception handling aim to understand the practices of exception handling in its different components, such as the origin of the exceptions and the handling code of the exceptions. Yet, the observed findings were scattered and diverse. In this paper, to complement prior research findings on exception handling, we study its features by enriching the knowledge of handling code with a flow analysis of exceptions. Our case study is conducted with over 10K exception handling blocks, and over 77K related exception flows from 16 open-source Java and C# (.NET) libraries and applications. Our case study results show that each try block has up to 12 possible potentially recoverable yet propagated exceptions. More importantly, 22 (average of 1.39 and max of 34). Such results highlight the additional challenge of composing quality exception handling code. To make it worse, we confirm that there is a lack of documentation of the possible exceptions and their sources. However, such critical information can be identified by exception flow analysis on well- documented API calls (e.g., JRE and .NET documentation). Finally, we observe different strategies in exception handling code between Java and C#. Our findings highlight the opportunities of leveraging automated software analysis to assist in exception handling practices and signify the need of more further in-depth studies on exception handling practice.



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