Representation-Free Model Predictive Control for Dynamic Motions in Quadrupeds

12/18/2020 ∙ by Yanran Ding, et al. ∙ 0

This paper presents a novel Representation-Free Model Predictive Control (RF-MPC) framework for controlling various dynamic motions of a quadrupedal robot in three dimensional (3D) space. Our formulation directly represents the rotational dynamics using the rotation matrix, which liberates us from the issues associated with the use of Euler angles and quaternion as the orientation representations. With a variation-based linearization scheme and a carefully constructed cost function, the MPC control law is transcribed to the standard Quadratic Program (QP) form. The MPC controller can operate at real-time rates of 250 Hz on a quadruped robot. Experimental results including periodic quadrupedal gaits and a controlled backflip validate that our control strategy could stabilize dynamic motions that involve singularity in 3D maneuvers.

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