Quantum neural networks with deep residual learning

12/14/2020
by   Yanying Liang, et al.
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Inspired by the success of neural networks in the classical machine learning tasks, there has been tremendous effort to develop quantum neural networks (QNNs), especially for quantum data or tasks that are inherently quantum in nature. Currently, with the imminent advent of quantum computing processors to evade the computational and thermodynamic limitation of classical computations, designing an efficient quantum neural network becomes a valuable task in quantum machine learning. In this paper, a novel quantum neural network with deep residual learning (ResQNN) is proposed. Specifically, a multiple layer quantum perceptron with residual connection is provided. Our ResQNN is able to learn an unknown unitary and get remarkable performance. Besides, the model can be trained with an end-to-end fashion, as analogue of the backpropagation in the classical neural networks. To explore the effectiveness of our ResQNN , we perform extensive experiments on the quantum data under the setting of both clean and noisy training data. The experimental results show the robustness and superiority of our ResQNN, when compared to current remarkable work, which is from Nature communications, 2020. Moreover, when training with higher proportion of noisy data, the superiority of our ResQNN model can be even significant, which implies the generalization ability and the remarkable tolerance for noisy data of the proposed method.

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