Quantile-based hydrological modelling

10/11/2021 ∙ by Hristos Tyralis, et al. ∙ 0

Predictive uncertainty in hydrological modelling is quantified by using post-processing or Bayesian-based methods. The former methods are not straightforward and the latter ones are not distribution-free. To alleviate possible limitations related to these specific attributes, in this work we propose the calibration of the hydrological model by using the quantile loss function. By following this methodological approach, one can directly simulate pre-specified quantiles of the predictive distribution of streamflow. As a proof of concept, we apply our method in the frameworks of three hydrological models to 511 river basins in contiguous US. We illustrate the predictive quantiles and show how an honest assessment of the predictive performance of the hydrological models can be made by using proper scoring rules. We believe that our method can help towards advancing the field of hydrological uncertainty.

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