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PORCA: Modeling and Planning for Autonomous Driving among Many Pedestrians

by   Yuanfu Luo, et al.

This paper presents a planning system for autonomous driving among many pedestrians. A key ingredient of our approach is PORCA, a pedestrian motion prediction model that accounts for both a pedestrian's global navigation intention and local interactions with the vehicle and other pedestrians. Unfortunately, the autonomous vehicle does not know the pedestrian's intention a priori and requires a planning algorithm that hedges against the uncertainty in pedestrian intentions. Our planning system combines a POMDP algorithm with the pedestrian motion model and runs in near real time. Experiments show that it enables a robot vehicle to drive safely, efficiently, and smoothly among a crowd with a density of nearly one person per square meter.


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