Physics-informed Convolutional Neural Networks for Temperature Field Prediction of Heat Source Layout without Labeled Data

by   Xiaoyu Zhao, et al.
National University of Defense Technology

Recently, surrogate models based on deep learning have attracted much attention for engineering analysis and optimization. As the construction of data pairs in most engineering problems is time-consuming, data acquisition is becoming the predictive capability bottleneck of most deep surrogate models, which also exists in surrogate for thermal analysis and design. To address this issue, this paper develops a physics-informed convolutional neural network (CNN) for the thermal simulation surrogate. The network can learn a mapping from heat source layout to the steady-state temperature field without labeled data, which equals solving an entire family of partial difference equations (PDEs). To realize the physics-guided training without labeled data, we employ the heat conduction equation and finite difference method to construct the loss function. Since the solution is sensitive to boundary conditions, we properly impose hard constraints by padding in the Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions. In addition, the neural network architecture is well-designed to improve the prediction precision of the problem at hand, and pixel-level online hard example mining is introduced to overcome the imbalance of optimization difficulty in the computation domain. The experiments demonstrate that the proposed method can provide comparable predictions with numerical method and data-driven deep learning models. We also conduct various ablation studies to investigate the effectiveness of the network component and training methods proposed in this paper.


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