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Leaderless collective motions in affine formation control

04/07/2021
by   Hector Garcia de Marina, et al.
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This paper proposes a novel distributed technique to induce collective motions in affine formation control. Instead of the traditional leader-follower strategy, we propose modifying the original weights that build the Laplacian matrix so that a designed steady-state motion of the desired shape emerges from the agents' local interactions. The proposed technique allows a rich collection of collective motions such as rotations around the centroid, translations, scalings, and shearings of a reference shape. These motions can be applied in useful collective behaviors such as shaped consensus (the rendezvous with a particular shape), escorting one of the team agents, or area coverage. We prove the global stability and effectiveness of our proposed technique rigorously, and we provide some illustrative numerical simulations.

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