Federated Meta-Learning for Recommendation

by   Fei Chen, et al.
HUAWEI Technologies Co., Ltd.

Recommender systems have been widely studied from the machine learning perspective, where it is crucial to share information among users while preserving user privacy. In this work, we present a federated meta-learning framework for recommendation in which user information is shared at the level of algorithm, instead of model or data adopted in previous approaches. In this framework, user-specific recommendation models are locally trained by a shared parameterized algorithm, which preserves user privacy and at the same time utilizes information from other users to help model training. Interestingly, the model thus trained exhibits a high capacity at a small scale, which is energy- and communication-efficient. Experimental results show that recommendation models trained by meta-learning algorithms in the proposed framework outperform the state-of-the-art in accuracy and scale. For example, on a production dataset, a shared model under Google Federated Learning (McMahan et al., 2017) with 900,000 parameters has prediction accuracy 76.72 while a shared algorithm under federated meta-learning with less than 30,000 parameters achieves accuracy of 86.23


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