Feature-wise change detection and robust indoor positioning using RANSAC-like approach

12/18/2019 ∙ by Caifa Zhou, et al. ∙ 32

Fingerprinting-based positioning, one of the promising indoor positioning solutions, has been broadly explored owing to the pervasiveness of sensor-rich mobile devices, the prosperity of opportunistically measurable location-relevant signals and the progress of data-driven algorithms. One critical challenge is to controland improve the quality of the reference fingerprint map (RFM), which is built at the offline stage and applied for online positioning. The key concept concerningthe quality control of the RFM is updating the RFM according to the newly measured data. Though varies methods have been proposed for adapting the RFM, they approach the problem by introducing extra-positioning schemes (e.g. PDR orUGV) and directly adjust the RFM without distinguishing whether critical changes have occurred. This paper aims at proposing an extra-positioning-free solution by making full use of the redundancy of measurable features. Loosely inspired by random sampling consensus (RANSAC), arbitrarily sampled subset of features from the online measurement are used for generating multi-resamples, which areused for estimating the intermediate locations. In the way of resampling, it can mitigate the impact of the changed features on positioning and enables to retrieve accurate location estimation. The users location is robustly computed by identifying the candidate locations from these intermediate ones using modified Jaccardindex (MJI) and the feature-wise change belief is calculated according to the world model of the RFM and the estimated variability of features. In order to validate our proposed approach, two levels of experimental analysis have been carried out. On the simulated dataset, the average change detection accuracy is about 90 positioning accuracy within 2 m is about 20 are detected as changed when performing positioning comparing to that of using all measured features for location estimation. On the long-term collected dataset, the average change detection accuracy is about 85

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