Eigenvector distribution in the critical regime of BBP transition

09/28/2020 ∙ by Zhigang Bao, et al. ∙ 0

In this paper, we study the random matrix model of Gaussian Unitary Ensemble (GUE) with fixed-rank (aka spiked) external source. We will focus on the critical regime of the Baik-Ben Arous-Péché (BBP) phase transition and establish the distribution of the eigenvectors associated with the leading eigenvalues. The distribution is given in terms of a determinantal point process with extended Airy kernel. Our result can be regarded as an eigenvector counterpart of the BBP eigenvalue phase transition (arXiv:math/0403022). The derivation of the distribution makes use of the recently re-discovered eigenvector-eigenvalue identity, together with the determinantal point process representation of the GUE minor process with external source.

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