Eigenvalue distribution of a high-dimensional distance covariance matrix with application

05/17/2021
by   Weiming Li, et al.
0

We introduce a new random matrix model called distance covariance matrix in this paper, whose normalized trace is equivalent to the distance covariance. We first derive a deterministic limit for the eigenvalue distribution of the distance covariance matrix when the dimensions of the vectors and the sample size tend to infinity simultaneously. This limit is valid when the vectors are independent or weakly dependent through a finite-rank perturbation. It is also universal and independent of the details of the distributions of the vectors. Furthermore, the top eigenvalues of this distance covariance matrix are shown to obey an exact phase transition when the dependence of the vectors is of finite rank. This finding enables the construction of a new detector for such weak dependence where classical methods based on large sample covariance matrices or sample canonical correlations may fail in the considered high-dimensional framework.

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