Detection of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Using Features Extracted from Segmented Time-Series ECG Signals Using a One Dimensional Convolutional Neural Network

02/03/2020 ∙ by Steven Thompson, et al. ∙ 0

The study in this paper presents a one-dimensional convolutional neural network (1DCNN) model, designed for the automated detection of obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) captured from single-channel electrocardiogram (ECG) signals. The system provides mechanisms in clinical practice that help diagnose patients suffering with OSA. Using the state-of-the-art in 1DCNNs, a model is constructed using convolutional, max pooling layers and a fully connected Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) consisting of a hidden layer and SoftMax output for classification. The 1DCNN extracts prominent features, which are used to train an MLP. The model is trained using segmented ECG signals grouped into 5 unique datasets of set window sizes. 35 ECG signal recordings were selected from an annotated database containing 70 night-time ECG recordings. (Group A = a01 to a20 (Apnoea breathing), Group B = b01 to b05 (moderate), and Group C = c01 to c10 (normal). A total of 6514 minutes of Apnoea was recorded. Evaluation of the model is performed using a set of standard metrics which show the proposed model achieves high classification results in both training and validation using our windowing strategy, particularly W=500 (Sensitivity 0.9705, Specificity 0.9725, F1 Score 0.9717, Kappa Score 0.9430, Log Loss 0.0836, ROCAUC 0.9945). This demonstrates the model can identify the presence of Apnoea with a high degree of accuracy.

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