Computer Stereo Vision for Autonomous Driving

12/06/2020 ∙ by Rui Fan, et al. ∙ 0

For a long time, autonomous cars were found only in science fiction movies and series but now they are becoming a reality. The opportunity to pick such a vehicle at your garage forecourt is closer than you think. As an important component of autonomous systems, autonomous car perception has had a big leap with recent advances in parallel computing architectures, such as OpenMP for multi-threading CPUs and OpenCL for GPUs. With the use of tiny but full-feature embedded supercomputers, computer stereo vision has been prevalently applied in autonomous cars for depth perception. The two key aspects of computer stereo vision are speed and accuracy. They are two desirable but conflicting properties – the algorithms with better disparity accuracy usually have higher computational complexity. Therefore, the main aim of developing a computer stereo vision algorithm for resource-limited hardware is to improve the trade-off between speed and accuracy. In this chapter, we first introduce the autonomous car system, from the hardware aspect to the software aspect. We then discuss four autonomous car perception functionalities, including: 1) visual feature detection, description and matching, 2) 3D information acquisition, 3) object detection/recognition and 4) semantic image segmentation. Finally, we introduce the principles of computer stereo vision and parallel computing.

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