Automatic crack detection and classification by exploiting statistical event descriptors for Deep Learning

07/24/2019 ∙ by Giulio Siracusano, et al. ∙ 10

In modern building infrastructures, the chance to devise adaptive and unsupervised data-driven health monitoring systems is gaining in popularity due to the large availability of data from low-cost sensors with internetworking capabilities. In particular, deep learning provides the tools for processing and analyzing this unprecedented amount of data efficiently. The main purpose of this paper is to combine the recent advances of Deep Learning (DL) and statistical analysis on structural health monitoring (SHM) to develop an accurate classification tool able to discriminate among different acoustic emission events (cracks) by means of the identification of tensile, shear and mixed modes. The applications of DL in SHM systems is described by using the concept of Bidirectional Long Short Term Memory. We investigated on effective event descriptors to capture the unique characteristics from the different types of modes. Among them, Spectral Kurtosis and Spectral L2/L1 Norm exhibit distinctive behavior and effectively contributed to the learning process. This classification will contribute to unambiguously detect incipient damages, which is advantageous to realize predictive maintenance. Tests on experimental results confirm that this method achieves accurate classification (92 capabilities of crack events and can impact on the design of future SHM technologies.

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