A Variational Integrator for the Discrete Element Method

03/02/2021 ∙ by David N. De Klerk, et al. ∙ 0

A novel implicit integration scheme for the Discrete Element Method (DEM) based on the variational integrator approach is presented. The numerical solver provides a fully dynamical description that, notably, reduces to an energy minimisation scheme in the quasi-static limit. A detailed derivation of the numerical method is presented for the Hookean contact model and tested against an established open source DEM package that uses the velocity-Verlet integration scheme. These tests compare results for a single collision, long-term stability and statistical quantities of ensembles of particles. Numerically, the proposed integration method demonstrates equivalent accuracy to the velocity-Verlet method.

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