Shengjin Wang

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Professor in Department of Electronic Engineering at Tsinghua University

  • DeepDeblur: Fast one-step blurry face images restoration

    We propose a very fast and effective one-step restoring method for blurry face images. In the last decades, many blind deblurring algorithms have been proposed to restore latent sharp images. However, these algorithms run slowly because of involving two steps: kernel estimation and following non-blind deconvolution or latent image estimation. Also they cannot handle face images in small size. Our proposed method restores sharp face images directly in one step using Convolutional Neural Network. Unlike previous deep learning involved methods that can only handle a single blur kernel at one time, our network is trained on totally random and numerous training sample pairs to deal with the variances due to different blur kernels in practice. A smoothness regularization as well as a facial regularization are added to keep facial identity information which is the key to face image applications. Comprehensive experiments demonstrate that our proposed method can handle various blur kenels and achieve state-of-the-art results for small size blurry face images restoration. Moreover, the proposed method shows significant improvement in face recognition accuracy along with increasing running speed by more than 100 times.

    11/27/2017 ∙ by Lingxiao Wang, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Beyond Part Models: Person Retrieval with Refined Part Pooling

    Employing part-level features for pedestrian image description offers fine-grained information and has been verified as beneficial for person retrieval in very recent literature. A prerequisite of part discovery is that each part should be well located. Instead of using external cues, e.g., pose estimation, to directly locate parts, this paper lays emphasis on the content consistency within each part. Specifically, we target at learning discriminative part-informed features for person retrieval and make two contributions. (i) A network named Part-based Convolutional Baseline (PCB). Given an image input, it outputs a convolutional descriptor consisting of several part-level features. With a uniform partition strategy, PCB achieves competitive results with the state-of-the-art methods, proving itself as a strong convolutional baseline for person retrieval. (ii) A refined part pooling (RPP) method. Uniform partition inevitably incurs outliers in each part, which are in fact more similar to other parts. RPP re-assigns these outliers to the parts they are closest to, resulting in refined parts with enhanced within-part consistency. Experiment confirms that RPP allows PCB to gain another round of performance boost. For instance, on the Market-1501 dataset, we achieve (77.4+4.2) accuracy, surpassing the state of the art by a large margin.

    11/26/2017 ∙ by Yifan Sun, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Progressive Representation Adaptation for Weakly Supervised Object Localization

    We address the problem of weakly supervised object localization where only image-level annotations are available for training object detectors. Numerous methods have been proposed to tackle this problem through mining object proposals. However, a substantial amount of noise in object proposals causes ambiguities for learning discriminative object models. Such approaches are sensitive to model initialization and often converge to undesirable local minimum solutions. In this paper, we propose to overcome these drawbacks by progressive representation adaptation with two main steps: 1) classification adaptation and 2) detection adaptation. In classification adaptation, we transfer a pre-trained network to a multi-label classification task for recognizing the presence of a certain object in an image. Through the classification adaptation step, the network learns discriminative representations that are specific to object categories of interest. In detection adaptation, we mine class-specific object proposals by exploiting two scoring strategies based on the adapted classification network. Class-specific proposal mining helps remove substantial noise from the background clutter and potential confusion from similar objects. We further refine these proposals using multiple instance learning and segmentation cues. Using these refined object bounding boxes, we fine-tune all the layer of the classification network and obtain a fully adapted detection network. We present detailed experimental validation on the PASCAL VOC and ILSVRC datasets. Experimental results demonstrate that our progressive representation adaptation algorithm performs favorably against the state-of-the-art methods.

    10/12/2017 ∙ by Dong Li, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • SegFlow: Joint Learning for Video Object Segmentation and Optical Flow

    This paper proposes an end-to-end trainable network, SegFlow, for simultaneously predicting pixel-wise object segmentation and optical flow in videos. The proposed SegFlow has two branches where useful information of object segmentation and optical flow is propagated bidirectionally in a unified framework. The segmentation branch is based on a fully convolutional network, which has been proved effective in image segmentation task, and the optical flow branch takes advantage of the FlowNet model. The unified framework is trained iteratively offline to learn a generic notion, and fine-tuned online for specific objects. Extensive experiments on both the video object segmentation and optical flow datasets demonstrate that introducing optical flow improves the performance of segmentation and vice versa, against the state-of-the-art algorithms.

    09/20/2017 ∙ by Jingchun Cheng, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Learning to Segment Instances in Videos with Spatial Propagation Network

    We propose a deep learning-based framework for instance-level object segmentation. Our method mainly consists of three steps. First, We train a generic model based on ResNet-101 for foreground/background segmentations. Second, based on this generic model, we fine-tune it to learn instance-level models and segment individual objects by using augmented object annotations in first frames of test videos. To distinguish different instances in the same video, we compute a pixel-level score map for each object from these instance-level models. Each score map indicates the objectness likelihood and is only computed within the foreground mask obtained in the first step. To further refine this per frame score map, we learn a spatial propagation network. This network aims to learn how to propagate a coarse segmentation mask spatially based on the pairwise similarities in each frame. In addition, we apply a filter on the refined score map that aims to recognize the best connected region using spatial and temporal consistencies in the video. Finally, we decide the instance-level object segmentation in each video by comparing score maps of different instances.

    09/14/2017 ∙ by Jingchun Cheng, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Learning Structured Semantic Embeddings for Visual Recognition

    Numerous embedding models have been recently explored to incorporate semantic knowledge into visual recognition. Existing methods typically focus on minimizing the distance between the corresponding images and texts in the embedding space but do not explicitly optimize the underlying structure. Our key observation is that modeling the pairwise image-image relationship improves the discrimination ability of the embedding model. In this paper, we propose the structured discriminative and difference constraints to learn visual-semantic embeddings. First, we exploit the discriminative constraints to capture the intra- and inter-class relationships of image embeddings. The discriminative constraints encourage separability for image instances of different classes. Second, we align the difference vector between a pair of image embeddings with that of the corresponding word embeddings. The difference constraints help regularize image embeddings to preserve the semantic relationships among word embeddings. Extensive evaluations demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed structured embeddings for single-label classification, multi-label classification, and zero-shot recognition.

    06/05/2017 ∙ by Dong Li, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Metric Learning in Codebook Generation of Bag-of-Words for Person Re-identification

    Person re-identification is generally divided into two part: first how to represent a pedestrian by discriminative visual descriptors and second how to compare them by suitable distance metrics. Conventional methods isolate these two parts, the first part usually unsupervised and the second part supervised. The Bag-of-Words (BoW) model is a widely used image representing descriptor in part one. Its codebook is simply generated by clustering visual features in Euclidian space. In this paper, we propose to use part two metric learning techniques in the codebook generation phase of BoW. In particular, the proposed codebook is clustered under Mahalanobis distance which is learned supervised. Extensive experiments prove that our proposed method is effective. With several low level features extracted on superpixel and fused together, our method outperforms state-of-the-art on person re-identification benchmarks including VIPeR, PRID450S, and Market1501.

    04/08/2017 ∙ by Lu Tian, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • SVDNet for Pedestrian Retrieval

    This paper proposes the SVDNet for retrieval problems, with focus on the application of person re-identification (re-ID). We view each weight vector within a fully connected (FC) layer in a convolutional neuron network (CNN) as a projection basis. It is observed that the weight vectors are usually highly correlated. This problem leads to correlations among entries of the FC descriptor, and compromises the retrieval performance based on the Euclidean distance. To address the problem, this paper proposes to optimize the deep representation learning process with Singular Vector Decomposition (SVD). Specifically, with the restraint and relaxation iteration (RRI) training scheme, we are able to iteratively integrate the orthogonality constraint in CNN training, yielding the so-called SVDNet. We conduct experiments on the Market-1501, CUHK03, and Duke datasets, and show that RRI effectively reduces the correlation among the projection vectors, produces more discriminative FC descriptors, and significantly improves the re-ID accuracy. On the Market-1501 dataset, for instance, rank-1 accuracy is improved from 55.3 CaffeNet, and from 73.8

    03/16/2017 ∙ by Yifan Sun, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Good Practice in CNN Feature Transfer

    The objective of this paper is the effective transfer of the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) feature in image search and classification. Systematically, we study three facts in CNN transfer. 1) We demonstrate the advantage of using images with a properly large size as input to CNN instead of the conventionally resized one. 2) We benchmark the performance of different CNN layers improved by average/max pooling on the feature maps. Our observation suggests that the Conv5 feature yields very competitive accuracy under such pooling step. 3) We find that the simple combination of pooled features extracted across various CNN layers is effective in collecting evidences from both low and high level descriptors. Following these good practices, we are capable of improving the state of the art on a number of benchmarks to a large margin.

    04/01/2016 ∙ by Liang Zheng, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Person Re-Identification by Discriminative Selection in Video Ranking

    Current person re-identification (ReID) methods typically rely on single-frame imagery features, whilst ignoring space-time information from image sequences often available in the practical surveillance scenarios. Single-frame (single-shot) based visual appearance matching is inherently limited for person ReID in public spaces due to the challenging visual ambiguity and uncertainty arising from non-overlapping camera views where viewing condition changes can cause significant people appearance variations. In this work, we present a novel model to automatically select the most discriminative video fragments from noisy/incomplete image sequences of people from which reliable space-time and appearance features can be computed, whilst simultaneously learning a video ranking function for person ReID. Using the PRID2011, iLIDS-VID, and HDA+ image sequence datasets, we extensively conducted comparative evaluations to demonstrate the advantages of the proposed model over contemporary gait recognition, holistic image sequence matching and state-of-the-art single-/multi-shot ReID methods.

    01/23/2016 ∙ by Taiqing Wang, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Deep Transfer Network: Unsupervised Domain Adaptation

    Domain adaptation aims at training a classifier in one dataset and applying it to a related but not identical dataset. One successfully used framework of domain adaptation is to learn a transformation to match both the distribution of the features (marginal distribution), and the distribution of the labels given features (conditional distribution). In this paper, we propose a new domain adaptation framework named Deep Transfer Network (DTN), where the highly flexible deep neural networks are used to implement such a distribution matching process. This is achieved by two types of layers in DTN: the shared feature extraction layers which learn a shared feature subspace in which the marginal distributions of the source and the target samples are drawn close, and the discrimination layers which match conditional distributions by classifier transduction. We also show that DTN has a computation complexity linear to the number of training samples, making it suitable to large-scale problems. By combining the best paradigms in both worlds (deep neural networks in recognition, and matching marginal and conditional distributions in domain adaptation), we demonstrate by extensive experiments that DTN improves significantly over former methods in both execution time and classification accuracy.

    03/02/2015 ∙ by Xu Zhang, et al. ∙ 0 share

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