Romy Lorenz

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  • Stopping criteria for boosting automatic experimental design using real-time fMRI with Bayesian optimization

    Bayesian optimization has been proposed as a practical and efficient tool through which to tune parameters in many difficult settings. Recently, such techniques have been combined with real-time fMRI to propose a novel framework which turns on its head the conventional functional neuroimaging approach. This closed-loop method automatically designs the optimal experiment to evoke a desired target brain pattern. One of the challenges associated with extending such methods to real-time brain imaging is the need for adequate stopping criteria, an aspect of Bayesian optimization which has received limited attention. In light of high scanning costs and limited attentional capacities of subjects an accurate and reliable stopping criteria is essential. In order to address this issue we propose and empirically study the performance of two stopping criteria.

    11/24/2015 ∙ by Romy Lorenz, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Streaming regularization parameter selection via stochastic gradient descent

    We propose a framework to perform streaming covariance selection. Our approach employs regularization constraints where a time-varying sparsity parameter is iteratively estimated via stochastic gradient descent. This allows for the regularization parameter to be efficiently learnt in an online manner. The proposed framework is developed for linear regression models and extended to graphical models via neighbourhood selection. Under mild assumptions, we are able to obtain convergence results in a non-stochastic setting. The capabilities of such an approach are demonstrated using both synthetic data as well as neuroimaging data.

    11/06/2015 ∙ by Ricardo Pio Monti, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Measuring the functional connectome "on-the-fly": towards a new control signal for fMRI-based brain-computer interfaces

    There has been an explosion of interest in functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) during the past two decades. Naturally, this has been accompanied by many major advances in the understanding of the human connectome. These advances have served to pose novel challenges as well as open new avenues for research. One of the most promising and exciting of such avenues is the study of functional MRI in real-time. Such studies have recently gained momentum and have been applied in a wide variety of settings; ranging from training of healthy subjects to self-regulate neuronal activity to being suggested as potential treatments for clinical populations. To date, the vast majority of these studies have focused on a single region at a time. This is due in part to the many challenges faced when estimating dynamic functional connectivity networks in real-time. In this work we propose a novel methodology with which to accurately track changes in functional connectivity networks in real-time. We adapt the recently proposed SINGLE algorithm for estimating sparse and temporally homo- geneous dynamic networks to be applicable in real-time. The proposed method is applied to motor task data from the Human Connectome Project as well as to real-time data ob- tained while exploring a virtual environment. We show that the algorithm is able to estimate significant task-related changes in network structure quickly enough to be useful in future brain-computer interface applications.

    02/08/2015 ∙ by Ricardo Pio Monti, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Text-mining the NeuroSynth corpus using Deep Boltzmann Machines

    Large-scale automated meta-analysis of neuroimaging data has recently established itself as an important tool in advancing our understanding of human brain function. This research has been pioneered by NeuroSynth, a database collecting both brain activation coordinates and associated text across a large cohort of neuroimaging research papers. One of the fundamental aspects of such meta-analysis is text-mining. To date, word counts and more sophisticated methods such as Latent Dirichlet Allocation have been proposed. In this work we present an unsupervised study of the NeuroSynth text corpus using Deep Boltzmann Machines (DBMs). The use of DBMs yields several advantages over the aforementioned methods, principal among which is the fact that it yields both word and document embeddings in a high-dimensional vector space. Such embeddings serve to facilitate the use of traditional machine learning techniques on the text corpus. The proposed DBM model is shown to learn embeddings with a clear semantic structure.

    05/01/2016 ∙ by Ricardo Pio Monti, et al. ∙ 0 share

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