María Lomelí

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  • Antithetic and Monte Carlo kernel estimators for partial rankings

    In the modern age, rankings data is ubiquitous and it is useful for a variety of applications such as recommender systems, multi-object tracking and preference learning. However, most rankings data encountered in the real world is incomplete, which forbids the direct application of existing modelling tools for complete rankings. Our contribution is a novel way to extend kernel methods for complete rankings to partial rankings, via consistent Monte Carlo estimators of Gram matrices. These Monte Carlo kernel estimators are based on extending kernel mean embeddings to the embedding of a set of full rankings consistent with an observed partial ranking. They form a computationally tractable alternative to previous approaches for partial rankings data. We also present a novel variance reduction scheme based on an antithetic variate construction between permutations to obtain an improved estimator. An overview of the existing kernels and metrics for permutations is also provided.

    07/01/2018 ∙ by María Lomelí, et al. ∙ 2 share

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  • A marginal sampler for σ-Stable Poisson-Kingman mixture models

    We investigate the class of σ-stable Poisson-Kingman random probability measures (RPMs) in the context of Bayesian nonparametric mixture modeling. This is a large class of discrete RPMs which encompasses most of the the popular discrete RPMs used in Bayesian nonparametrics, such as the Dirichlet process, Pitman-Yor process, the normalized inverse Gaussian process and the normalized generalized Gamma process. We show how certain sampling properties and marginal characterizations of σ-stable Poisson-Kingman RPMs can be usefully exploited for devising a Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm for making inference in Bayesian nonparametric mixture modeling. Specifically, we introduce a novel and efficient MCMC sampling scheme in an augmented space that has a fixed number of auxiliary variables per iteration. We apply our sampling scheme for a density estimation and clustering tasks with unidimensional and multidimensional datasets, and we compare it against competing sampling schemes.

    07/16/2014 ∙ by María Lomelí, et al. ∙ 0 share

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  • Universal Marginalizer for Amortised Inference and Embedding of Generative Models

    Probabilistic graphical models are powerful tools which allow us to formalise our knowledge about the world and reason about its inherent uncertainty. There exist a considerable number of methods for performing inference in probabilistic graphical models; however, they can be computationally costly due to significant time burden and/or storage requirements; or they lack theoretical guarantees of convergence and accuracy when applied to large scale graphical models. To this end, we propose the Universal Marginaliser Importance Sampler (UM-IS) -- a hybrid inference scheme that combines the flexibility of a deep neural network trained on samples from the model and inherits the asymptotic guarantees of importance sampling. We show how combining samples drawn from the graphical model with an appropriate masking function allows us to train a single neural network to approximate any of the corresponding conditional marginal distributions, and thus amortise the cost of inference. We also show that the graph embeddings can be applied for tasks such as: clustering, classification and interpretation of relationships between the nodes. Finally, we benchmark the method on a large graph (>1000 nodes), showing that UM-IS outperforms sampling-based methods by a large margin while being computationally efficient.

    11/12/2018 ∙ by Robert Walecki, et al. ∙ 0 share

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