Yet Another Intermediate-Level Attack

08/20/2020 ∙ by Qizhang Li, et al. ∙ 3

The transferability of adversarial examples across deep neural network (DNN) models is the crux of a spectrum of black-box attacks. In this paper, we propose a novel method to enhance the black-box transferability of baseline adversarial examples. By establishing a linear mapping of the intermediate-level discrepancies (between a set of adversarial inputs and their benign counterparts) for predicting the evoked adversarial loss, we aim to take full advantage of the optimization procedure of multi-step baseline attacks. We conducted extensive experiments to verify the effectiveness of our method on CIFAR-100 and ImageNet. Experimental results demonstrate that it outperforms previous state-of-the-arts considerably. Our code is at https://github.com/qizhangli/ila-plus-plus.

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