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White matter hyperintensities volume and cognition: Assessment of a deep learning based lesion detection and quantification algorithm on the Alzheimers Disease Neuroimaging Ini

12/24/2020
by   Lavanya Umapathy, et al.
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The relationship between cognition and white matter hyperintensities (WMH) volumes often depends on the accuracy of the lesion segmentation algorithm used. As such, accurate detection and quantification of WMH is of great interest. Here, we use a deep learning-based WMH segmentation algorithm, StackGen-Net, to detect and quantify WMH on 3D FLAIR volumes from ADNI. We used a subset of subjects (n=20) and obtained manual WMH segmentations by an experienced neuro-radiologist to demonstrate the accuracy of our algorithm. On a larger cohort of subjects (n=290), we observed that larger WMH volumes correlated with worse performance on executive function (P=.004), memory (P=.01), and language (P=.005).

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