What's Wrong with the Bottom-up Methods in Arbitrary-shape Scene Text Detection

by   Chengpei Xu, et al.

The latest trend in the bottom-up perspective for arbitrary-shape scene text detection is to reason the links between text segments using Graph Convolutional Network (GCN). Notwithstanding, the performance of the best performing bottom-up method is still inferior to that of the best performing top-down method even with the help of GCN. We argue that this is not mainly caused by the limited feature capturing ability of the text proposal backbone or GCN, but by their failure to make a full use of visual-relational features for suppressing false detection, as well as the sub-optimal route-finding mechanism used for grouping text segments. In this paper, we revitalize the classic text detection frameworks by aggregating the visual-relational features of text with two effective false positive/negative suppression mechanisms. First, dense overlapping text segments depicting the `characterness' and `streamline' of text are generated for further relational reasoning and weakly supervised segment classification. Here, relational graph features are used for suppressing false positives/negatives. Then, to fuse the relational features with visual features, a Location-Aware Transfer (LAT) module is designed to transfer text's relational features into visual compatible features with a Fuse Decoding (FD) module to enhance the representation of text regions for the second step suppression. Finally, a novel multiple-text-map-aware contour-approximation strategy is developed, instead of the widely-used route-finding process. Experiments conducted on five benchmark datasets, i.e., CTW1500, Total-Text, ICDAR2015, MSRA-TD500, and MLT2017 demonstrate that our method outperforms the state-of-the-art performance when being embedded in a classic text detection framework, which revitalises the superb strength of the bottom-up methods.


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