Weakly-Supervised Learning-Based Feature Localization in Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy Glioma Images

04/25/2018 ∙ by Mohammadhassan Izadyyazdanabadi, et al. ∙ 0

Confocal Laser Endomicroscope (CLE) is a novel handheld fluorescence imaging device that has shown promise for rapid intraoperative diagnosis of brain tumor tissue. Currently CLE is capable of image display only and lacks an automatic system to aid the surgeon in analyzing the images. The goal of this project was to develop a computer-aided diagnostic approach for CLE imaging of human glioma with feature localization function. Despite the tremendous progress in object detection and image segmentation methods in recent years, most of such methods require large annotated datasets for training. However, manual annotation of thousands of histopathological images by physicians is costly and time consuming. To overcome this problem, we propose a Weakly-Supervised Learning (WSL)-based model for feature localization that trains on image-level annotations, and then localizes incidences of a class-of-interest in the test image. We developed a novel convolutional neural network for diagnostic features localization from CLE images by employing a novel multiscale activation map that is laterally inhibited and collaterally integrated. To validate our method, we compared proposed model's output to the manual annotation performed by four neurosurgeons on test images. Proposed model achieved 88 features and 87 restrictive fine features, while outperforming other state of the art methods tested. This system can improve accuracy and efficiency in characterization of CLE images of glioma tissue during surgery, augment intraoperative decision-making process regarding tumor margin and affect resection rates.

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