Weakly imposed Dirichlet boundary conditions for 2D and 3D Virtual Elements

12/30/2021
by   Silvia Bertoluzza, et al.
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In the framework of virtual element discretizazions, we address the problem of imposing non homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions in a weak form, both on polygonal/polyhedral domains and on two/three dimensional domains with curved boundaries. We consider a Nitsche's type method [43,41], and the stabilized formulation of the Lagrange multiplier method proposed by Barbosa and Hughes in [9]. We prove that also for the virtual element method (VEM), provided the stabilization parameter is suitably chosen (large enough for Nitsche's method and small enough for the Barbosa-Hughes Lagrange multiplier method), the resulting discrete problem is well posed, and yields convergence with optimal order on polygonal/polyhedral domains. On smooth two/three dimensional domains, we combine both methods with a projection approach similar to the one of [31]. We prove that, given a polygonal/polyhedral approximation Ω_h of the domain Ω, an optimal convergence rate can be achieved by using a suitable correction depending on high order derivatives of the discrete solution along outward directions (not necessarily orthogonal) at the boundary facets of Ω_h. Numerical experiments validate the theory.

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