DeepAI AI Chat
Log In Sign Up

Warnings: Violation Symptoms Indicating Architecture Erosion

12/23/2022
by   Ruiyin Li, et al.
University of Groningen
Wuhan University
0

As a software system evolves, its architecture tends to degrade, and gradually impedes software maintenance and evolution activities and negatively impacts the quality attributes of the system. The main root cause behind architecture erosion phenomenon derives from violation symptoms (such as violations of architecture pattern). Previous studies focus on detecting violations in software systems using architecture conformance checking approaches. However, code review comments are also rich sources that may contain extensive discussions regarding architecture violations. In this work, we investigated the characteristics of architecture violation symptoms in code review comments from the developers' perspective. We employed a set of keywords related to violation symptoms to collect 606 (out of 21,583) code review comments from four popular OSS projects in the OpenStack and Qt communities. We manually analyzed the collected 606 review comments to provide the categories and linguistic patterns of violation symptoms, as well as the reactions how developers addressed them. Our findings show that: (1) 10 categories of violation symptoms are discussed by developers during the code review process; (2) The frequently-used terms of expressing violation symptoms are "inconsistent" and "violate", and the most frequently-used linguistic pattern is Problem Discovery; (3) Refactoring and removing code are the major measures (90 by developers. Our findings suggest that the investigation of violation symptoms can help researchers better understand the characteristics of architecture erosion and facilitate the development and maintenance activities, and developers should explicitly manage violation symptoms, not only for addressing the existing architecture violations but also preventing future violations.

READ FULL TEXT

page 8

page 9

01/04/2022

Symptoms of Architecture Erosion in Code Reviews: A Study of Two OpenStack Projects

The phenomenon of architecture erosion can negatively impact the mainten...
06/29/2022

Potential Technical Debt and Its Resolution in Code Reviews: An Exploratory Study of the OpenStack and Qt Communities

Technical Debt (TD) refers to the situation where developers make trade-...
03/30/2022

A First Look at Duplicate and Near-duplicate Self-admitted Technical Debt Comments

Self-admitted technical debt (SATD) refers to technical debt that is int...
03/06/2018

Code Review Comments: Language Matters

Recent research provides evidence that effective communication in collab...
03/21/2021

Understanding Architecture Erosion: The Practitioners' Perceptive

As software systems evolve, their architecture is meant to adapt accordi...
09/16/2022

A Decade of Code Comment Quality Assessment: A Systematic Literature Review

Code comments are important artifacts in software systems and play a par...
08/12/2021

Automating the Removal of Obsolete TODO Comments

TODO comments are very widely used by software developers to describe th...