Vorticity Maximization of a Linear Fluid Flow via Volume Constrained and Perimeter Regularized Shape Optimization

04/20/2021
by   John Sebastian H. Simon, et al.
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We study an optimization problem that aims to determine the shape of an obstacle that is submerged in a fluid governed by the Stokes equations. The mentioned flow takes place in a channel, which motivated the imposition of a Poiseuille-like input function on one end and a do-nothing boundary condition on the other. The maximization of the vorticity is addressed by the L^2-norm of the curl and the det-grad measure of the fluid. Meanwhile, to ensure the existence of an optimal shape, a Tikhonov regularization in the form of a perimeter objective, and a volume constraint is imposed. Having been able to establish the existence of an optimal shape, the first order necessary condition was formulated by utilizing the so-called rearrangement method. Finally, numerical examples are presented by utilizing a finite element method on the governing states, and a gradient descent method for the deformation of the domain. On the said gradient descent method, we use two approaches to address the volume constraint: one is by utilizing the augmented Lagrangian method; and the other one is by utilizing a class of divergence-free deformation fields.

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