Voice of Your Brain: Cognitive Representations of Imagined Speech,Overt Speech, and Speech Perception Based on EEG

05/31/2021 ∙ by Seo-Hyun Lee, et al. ∙ 0

Every people has their own voice, likewise, brain signals dis-play distinct neural representations for each individual. Al-though recent studies have revealed the robustness of speech-related paradigms for efficient brain-computer interface, the dis-tinction on their cognitive representations with practical usabil-ity still remains to be discovered. Herein, we investigate the dis-tinct brain patterns from electroencephalography (EEG) duringimagined speech, overt speech, and speech perception in termsof subject variations with its practical use of speaker identifica-tion from single channel EEG. We performed classification ofnine subjects using deep neural network that captures temporal-spectral-spatial features from EEG of imagined speech, overtspeech, and speech perception. Furthermore, we demonstratedthe underlying neural features of individual subjects while per-forming imagined speech by comparing the functional connec-tivity and the EEG envelope features. Our results demonstratethe possibility of subject identification from single channel EEGof imagined speech and overt speech. Also, the comparison ofthe three speech-related paradigms will provide valuable infor-mation for the practical use of speech-related brain signals inthe further studies.

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