VL-ROUTE: A Cross-Layer Routing Protocol for Visible Light Ad Hoc Network

by   Jithin Jagannath, et al.

Visible Light Ad Hoc Networks (LANETs) is being perceived as an emerging technology to complement Radio Frequency (RF) based ad hoc networks to reduce congestion in the overloaded RF spectrum. LANET is intended to support scenarios requiring dense deployment and high data rates. In Visible Light Communication (VLC), most of the attention has been centered around physical layer with emphasis on point-to-point communication. In this work, we focus on designing a routing protocol specifically to overcome the unique challenges like blockage and deafness that render routes in LANETs highly unstable. Therefore, we propose a cross-layer optimized routing protocol (VL-ROUTE) that interacts closely with the Medium Access Control (MAC) layer to maximize the throughput of the network by taking into account the reliability of routes. To accomplish this in a distributed manner, we carefully formulate a Route Reliability Score (RRS) that can be computed by each node in the network using just the information gathered from its immediate neighbors. Each node computes an RRS for every known sink in the network. RRS of a given node can be considered as an estimate of the probability of reaching a given sink via that node. The RSS value is then integrated to the utility based three-way handshake process used by the MAC protocol (VL-MAC) to mitigate the effects of deafness, blockage, hidden node, and maximize the probability of establishing full-duplex links. All these factors contribute towards maximizing the network throughput. Extensive simulation of VL-ROUTE shows 124 over a network that uses Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Avoidance (CSMA/CA) along with shortest path routing. Additionally, VL-ROUTE also showed up to 21 with a geographic routing.


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