Vertical Beamforming in Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface-aided Cognitive Radio Networks

03/16/2021
by   S. Fatemeh Zamanian, et al.
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In this letter, we investigate joint application of reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) and vertical beamforming in cognitive radio networks (CRN). After properly modeling the network, an optimization problem is formed to jointly design the beamforming vector and tilt angle at the secondary base station (BS) as well as the phase shifts at the RIS with the objective of maximizing spectral efficiency of the secondary network. The optimization problem is non-convex; thus, we propose an efficient solution method for it. Numerical results show that adding a RIS and optimizing the radiation orientation, can significantly improve performance of the CRNs.

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