Verified computation of matrix gamma function

01/18/2020 ∙ by Shinya Miyajima, et al. ∙ 0

Two numerical algorithms are proposed for computing an interval matrix containing the matrix gamma function. In 2014, the author presented algorithms for enclosing all the eigenvalues and basis of invariant subspaces of A ∈C^n × n. As byproducts of these algorithms, we can obtain interval matrices containing small matrices whose spectrums are included in that of A. In this paper, we interpret the interval matrices containing the basis and small matrices as a result of verified block diagonalization (VBD), and establish a new framework for enclosing matrix functions using the VBD. To achieve enclosure for the gamma function of the small matrices, we derive computable perturbation bounds. We can apply these bounds if input matrices satisfy conditions. We incorporate matrix argument reductions (ARs) to force the input matrices to satisfy the conditions, and develop theories for accelerating the ARs. The first algorithm uses the VBD based on a numerical spectral decomposition, and involves only cubic complexity under an assumption. The second algorithm adopts the VBD based on a numerical Jordan decomposition, and is applicable even for defective matrices. Numerical results show efficiency and robustness of the algorithms.

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