Vehicle Speed Aware Computing Task Offloading and Resource Allocation Based on Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning in a Vehicular Edge Computing Network

08/15/2020 ∙ by Xinyu Huang, et al. ∙ 0

For in-vehicle application, the vehicles with different speeds have different delay requirements. However, vehicle speeds have not been extensively explored, which may cause mismatching between vehicle speed and its allocated computation and wireless resource. In this paper, we propose a vehicle speed aware task offloading and resource allocation strategy, to decrease the energy cost of executing tasks without exceeding the delay constraint. First, we establish the vehicle speed aware delay constraint model based on different speeds and task types. Then, the delay and energy cost of task execution in VEC server and local terminal are calculated. Next, we formulate a joint optimization of task offloading and resource allocation to minimize vehicles' energy cost subject to delay constraints. MADDPG method is employed to obtain offloading and resource allocation strategy. Simulation results show that our algorithm can achieve superior performance on energy cost and task completion delay.

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