Variational Learning in Mixed-State Dynamic Graphical Models

01/23/2013 ∙ by Vladimir Pavlovic, et al. ∙ 1

Many real-valued stochastic time-series are locally linear (Gassian), but globally non-linear. For example, the trajectory of a human hand gesture can be viewed as a linear dynamic system driven by a nonlinear dynamic system that represents muscle actions. We present a mixed-state dynamic graphical model in which a hidden Markov model drives a linear dynamic system. This combination allows us to model both the discrete and continuous causes of trajectories such as human gestures. The number of computations needed for exact inference is exponential in the sequence length, so we derive an approximate variational inference technique that can also be used to learn the parameters of the discrete and continuous models. We show how the mixed-state model and the variational technique can be used to classify human hand gestures made with a computer mouse.



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