User-Number Threshold-based Base Station On/Off Control for Maximizing Coverage Probability

by   Jung-Hoon Noh, et al.

In this study, we investigate the operation of user-number threshold-based base station (BS) on/off control, in which the BS turns off when the number of active users is less than a specific threshold value. This paper presents a space-based analysis of the BS on/off control system to which a stochastic geometric approach is applied. In particular, we derive the approximated closed-form expression of the coverage probability of a homogeneous network (HomNet) with the user-number threshold-based on/off control. Moreover, the optimal user-number threshold for maximizing the coverage probability is analytically derived. In addition to HomNet, we also derive the overall coverage probability and the optimal user-number thresholds for a heterogeneous network (HetNet). The results show that HetNet, the analysis of which seems intractable, can be analyzed in the form of a linear combination of HomNets with weighted densities. In addition, the optimal user-number threshold of each tier is obtained independently of other tiers. The modeling and analysis presented in this paper are not only limited to the case of user-number threshold-based on/off control, but also applicable to other novel on/off controls with minor modifications. Finally, by comparing with the simulated results, the theoretical contributions of this study are validated.



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