Unsupervised Automatic Speech Recognition: A Review

06/09/2021 ∙ by Hanan Aldarmaki, et al. ∙ 0

Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) systems can be trained to achieve remarkable performance given large amounts of manually transcribed speech, but large labeled data sets can be difficult or expensive to acquire for all languages of interest. In this paper, we review the research literature to identify models and ideas that could lead to fully unsupervised ASR, including unsupervised segmentation of the speech signal, unsupervised mapping from speech segments to text, and semi-supervised models with nominal amounts of labeled examples. The objective of the study is to identify the limitations of what can be learned from speech data alone and to understand the minimum requirements for speech recognition. Identifying these limitations would help optimize the resources and efforts in ASR development for low-resource languages.

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