Unstructured Primary Outcome in Randomized Controlled Trials

11/25/2020 ∙ by Daniel Taylor-Rodriguez, et al. ∙ 0

The primary outcome of Randomized clinical Trials (RCTs) are typically dichotomous, continuous, multivariate continuous, or time-to-event. However, what if this outcome is unstructured, e.g., a list of variables of mixed types, longitudinal sequences, images, audio recordings, etc. When the outcome is unstructured it is unclear how to assess RCT success and how to compute sample size. We show that kernel methods offer natural extensions to traditional biostatistics methods. We demonstrate our approach with the measurements of computer usage in a cohort of aging participants, some of which will become cognitively impaired. Simulations as well as a real data experiment show the superiority of the proposed approach compared to the standard in this situation: generalized mixed effect models.



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