Unified Autoregressive Modeling for Joint End-to-End Multi-Talker Overlapped Speech Recognition and Speaker Attribute Estimation

07/04/2021 ∙ by Ryo Masumura, et al. ∙ 0

In this paper, we present a novel modeling method for single-channel multi-talker overlapped automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems. Fully neural network based end-to-end models have dramatically improved the performance of multi-taker overlapped ASR tasks. One promising approach for end-to-end modeling is autoregressive modeling with serialized output training in which transcriptions of multiple speakers are recursively generated one after another. This enables us to naturally capture relationships between speakers. However, the conventional modeling method cannot explicitly take into account the speaker attributes of individual utterances such as gender and age information. In fact, the performance deteriorates when each speaker is the same gender or is close in age. To address this problem, we propose unified autoregressive modeling for joint end-to-end multi-talker overlapped ASR and speaker attribute estimation. Our key idea is to handle gender and age estimation tasks within the unified autoregressive modeling. In the proposed method, transformer-based autoregressive model recursively generates not only textual tokens but also attribute tokens of each speaker. This enables us to effectively utilize speaker attributes for improving multi-talker overlapped ASR. Experiments on Japanese multi-talker overlapped ASR tasks demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

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