Unconstrained Facial Landmark Localization with Backbone-Branches Fully-Convolutional Networks

07/13/2015 ∙ by Zhujin Liang, et al. ∙ 0

This paper investigates how to rapidly and accurately localize facial landmarks in unconstrained, cluttered environments rather than in the well segmented face images. We present a novel Backbone-Branches Fully-Convolutional Neural Network (BB-FCN), which produces facial landmark response maps directly from raw images without relying on pre-process or sliding window approaches. BB-FCN contains one backbone and a number of network branches with each corresponding to one landmark type, and it operates in a progressive manner. Specifically, the backbone roughly detects the locations of facial landmarks by taking the whole image as input, and the branches further refine the localizations based on a local observation from the backbone's intermediate feature map. Moreover, our backbone-branches architecture does not contain full-connection layers for location regression, leading to efficient learning and inference. Our extensive experiments show that our model achieves superior performances over other state-of-the-arts under both the constrained (i.e. with face regions) and the "in the wild" scenarios.

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