Uncertainty-Aware Unsupervised Domain Adaptation in Object Detection

02/27/2021 ∙ by Dayan Guan, et al. ∙ 0

Unsupervised domain adaptive object detection aims to adapt detectors from a labelled source domain to an unlabelled target domain. Most existing works take a two-stage strategy that first generates region proposals and then detects objects of interest, where adversarial learning is widely adopted to mitigate the inter-domain discrepancy in both stages. However, adversarial learning may impair the alignment of well-aligned samples as it merely aligns the global distributions across domains. To address this issue, we design an uncertainty-aware domain adaptation network (UaDAN) that introduces conditional adversarial learning to align well-aligned and poorly-aligned samples separately in different manners. Specifically, we design an uncertainty metric that assesses the alignment of each sample and adjusts the strength of adversarial learning for well-aligned and poorly-aligned samples adaptively. In addition, we exploit the uncertainty metric to achieve curriculum learning that first performs easier image-level alignment and then more difficult instance-level alignment progressively. Extensive experiments over four challenging domain adaptive object detection datasets show that UaDAN achieves superior performance as compared with state-of-the-art methods.

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