Typable Fragments of Polynomial Automatic Amortized Resource Analysis

10/30/2020 ∙ by Long Pham, et al. ∙ 0

Being a fully automated technique for resource analysis, automatic amortized resource analysis (AARA) can fail in returning worst-case cost bounds of programs, fundamentally due to the undecidability of resource analysis. For programmers who are unfamiliar with the technical details of AARA, it is difficult to predict whether a program can be successfully analyzed in AARA. Motivated by this problem, this article identifies classes of programs that can be analyzed in type-based polynomial AARA. Firstly, it is shown that the set of functions that are typable in univariate polynomial AARA coincides with the complexity class PTIME. Secondly, the article presents a sufficient condition for typability that axiomatically requires every sub-expression of a given program to be polynomial-time. It is proved that this condition implies typability in multivariate polynomial AARA under some syntactic restrictions.

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