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Two-layer clustering-based sparsifying transform learning for low-dose CT reconstruction

by   Xikai Yang, et al.

Achieving high-quality reconstructions from low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) measurements is of much importance in clinical settings. Model-based image reconstruction methods have been proven to be effective in removing artifacts in LDCT. In this work, we propose an approach to learn a rich two-layer clustering-based sparsifying transform model (MCST2), where image patches and their subsequent feature maps (filter residuals) are clustered into groups with different learned sparsifying filters per group. We investigate a penalized weighted least squares (PWLS) approach for LDCT reconstruction incorporating learned MCST2 priors. Experimental results show the superior performance of the proposed PWLS-MCST2 approach compared to other related recent schemes.


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