Truly shift-equivariant convolutional neural networks with adaptive polyphase upsampling

05/09/2021 ∙ by Anadi Chaman, et al. ∙ 0

Convolutional neural networks lack shift equivariance due to the presence of downsampling layers. In image classification, adaptive polyphase downsampling (APS-D) was recently proposed to make CNNs perfectly shift invariant. However, in networks used for image reconstruction tasks, it can not by itself restore shift equivariance. We address this problem by proposing adaptive polyphase upsampling (APS-U), a non-linear extension of conventional upsampling, which allows CNNs to exhibit perfect shift equivariance. With MRI and CT reconstruction experiments, we show that networks containing APS-D/U layers exhibit state of the art equivariance performance without sacrificing on image reconstruction quality. In addition, unlike prior methods like data augmentation and anti-aliasing, the gains in equivariance obtained from APS-D/U also extend to images outside the training distribution.



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