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Trident Segmentation CNN: A Spatiotemporal Transformation CNN for Punctate White Matter Lesions Segmentation in Preterm Neonates

by   Yalong Liu, et al.

Accurate segmentation of punctate white matter lesions (PWML) in preterm neonates by an automatic algorithm can better assist doctors in diagnosis. However, the existing algorithms have many limitations, such as low detection accuracy and large resource consumption. In this paper, a novel spatiotemporal transformation deep learning method called Trident Segmentation CNN (TS-CNN) is proposed to segment PWML in MR images. It can convert spatial information into temporal information, which reduces the consumption of computing resources. Furthermore, a new improved training loss called Self-balancing Focal Loss (SBFL) is proposed to balance the loss during the training process. The whole model is evaluated on a dataset of 704 MR images. Overall the method achieves median DSC, sensitivity, specificity, and Hausdorff distance of 0.6355, 0.7126, 0.9998, and 24.5836 mm which outperforms the state-of-the-art algorithm. (The code is now available on


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