Translating Workflow Nets to Process Trees: An Algorithmic Approach

03/23/2020 ∙ by Sebastiaan J. van Zelst, et al. ∙ 0

Since their recent introduction, process trees have been frequently used as a process modeling formalism in many process mining algorithms. A process tree is a tree-based model of a process, in which internal vertices represent behavioral control-flow relations and leaves represent process activities. A process tree is easily translated into a sound Workflow net (WF-net), however, the reverse is not the case. Yet, an algorithm that translates a WF-net into a process tree is of great interest, e.g., the explicit knowledge of the control-flow hierarchy in a WF-net allows one to more easily reason on its behavior. Hence, in this paper, we present such an algorithm, i.e., it detects whether a WF-net corresponds to a process tree, and, if so, constructs it. We prove that, if a process tree is discovered, the language of the process tree equals the language of the original WF-net. Conducted experiments show, that the algorithm's corresponding implementation has a quadratic time-complexity in the size of the WF-net. Furthermore, the experiments show strong evidence of process tree rediscoverability.

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