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Towards fuzzification of adaptation rules in self-adaptive architectures

by   Tomáš Bureš, et al.
Charles University in Prague

In this paper, we focus on exploiting neural networks for the analysis and planning stage in self-adaptive architectures. The studied motivating cases in the paper involve existing (legacy) self-adaptive architectures and their adaptation logic, which has been specified by logical rules. We further assume that there is a need to endow these systems with the ability to learn based on examples of inputs and expected outputs. One simple option to address such a need is to replace the reasoning based on logical rules with a neural network. However, this step brings several problems that often create at least a temporary regress. The reason is the logical rules typically represent a large and tested body of domain knowledge, which may be lost if the logical rules are replaced by a neural network. Further, the black-box nature of generic neural networks obfuscates how the systems work inside and consequently introduces more uncertainty. In this paper, we present a method that makes it possible to endow an existing self-adaptive architectures with the ability to learn using neural networks, while preserving domain knowledge existing in the logical rules. We introduce a continuum between the existing rule-based system and a system based on a generic neural network. We show how to navigate in this continuum and create a neural network architecture that naturally embeds the original logical rules and how to gradually scale the learning potential of the network, thus controlling the uncertainty inherent to all soft computing models. We showcase and evaluate the approach on representative excerpts from two larger real-life use cases.


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