Too Much Information Kills Information: A Clustering Perspective

09/16/2020 ∙ by Yicheng Xu, et al. ∙ 83

Clustering is one of the most fundamental tools in the artificial intelligence area, particularly in the pattern recognition and learning theory. In this paper, we propose a simple, but novel approach for variance-based k-clustering tasks, included in which is the widely known k-means clustering. The proposed approach picks a sampling subset from the given dataset and makes decisions based on the data information in the subset only. With certain assumptions, the resulting clustering is provably good to estimate the optimum of the variance-based objective with high probability. Extensive experiments on synthetic datasets and real-world datasets show that to obtain competitive results compared with k-means method (Llyod 1982) and k-means++ method (Arthur and Vassilvitskii 2007), we only need 7 up to 15 k-means method and k-means++ method in at least 80 terms of the quality of clustering. Also, an extended algorithm based on the same idea guarantees a balanced k-clustering result.



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