Time-varying auto-regressive models for count time-series

09/13/2020 ∙ by Arkaprava Roy, et al. ∙ 0

Count-valued time series data are routinely collected in many application areas. We are particularly motivated to study the count time series of daily new cases, arising from COVID-19 spread. First, we propose a Bayesian framework to study time-varying semiparametric AR(p) model for count and then extend it to propose a time-varying INGARCH model considering the rapid changes in the spread. We calculate posterior contraction rates of the proposed Bayesian methods with respect to average Hellinger metric. Our proposed structures of the models are amenable to Hamiltonian Monte Carlo (HMC) sampling for efficient computation. We substantiate our methods by simulations that show superiority compared to some of the close existing methods. Finally we analyze the daily time series data of newly confirmed cases to study its spread through different government interventions.

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